Ukraine

In Ukraine drug consumption in public places is a criminal offence punishable with restriction of freedom up to 4 years or imprisonment for up to 3 years. Drug possession is a criminal offence, punished by a fine or imprisonment from 2 to 8 years, depending on the amount of illicit drugs involved[1]. According to the Council of Europe Annual Penal Statistics SPACE I there are 54905[2] inmates in Ukrainian prisons, 4360 of them for drug-law offences. HIV prevalence in prison is 3,3%.[3] As for the drug use responses in prison there ART, but OST and NSP services do not exist, although there are 2535 registered opioid-dependent prisoners.[4] The average amount spent per day for the detention of one inmate in Ukrainian prisons is 2,6 Eur/per day[5], 949 Eur/per inmate/per year.

The estimate number of people who inject drugs is around 346900[6]. HIV prevalence among PWID is 22,6%[7]. The cost[8] of NSP services is approximately 15,50 Eur/per person/per year, OST – 161 Eur/per client/per year if the client is on methadone treatment, and 354 Eur/per client/per year for Buprenorphine. Both prices include case management. Unemployment benefits amounts to a minimum of 18 Eur per month, 216 Eur/per client/per year).[9] So, if the person would need OST, NSP and unemployment benefit, it would cost for the state around 585,5 Eur/per person/per year. The health and social services costs are almost 2 times smaller than incarceration costs.

 

[1] http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/countries/ukraine_en#laws
[2]  http://wp.unil.ch/space/files/2019/04/FinalReportSPACEI2018_190402.pdf
[3] https://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/publication/UNAIDS_Data_2018.pdf
[4]http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/system/files/attachments/5502/Drug-treatment_systems_in_prisons_in_Eastern_and_South-East_Europe.pdf
[5] http://wp.unil.ch/space/files/2019/04/FinalReportSPACEI2018_190402.pdf
[6] https://www.aidsdatahub.org/sites/default/files/publication/UNAIDS_Data_2018.pdf
[7] Ibid.
[8] The costs of OST and NSP services were provided by national partners and service providers
[9] https://blogs.elenasmodels.com/en/how-much-unemployed-get-in-ukraine/