Tajikistan

The possession of drugs in Tajikistan is punishable with up to 10 years in prison.[1] According to the Main Directorate of Corrections by April 2019 there were 13300 inmates in country. Although there is no data on the number prisoners serving time for drug law offences, annually 65–70% of the registered drug-related crimes are qualified under Article 200 of Criminal Code (Illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances for the purpose to sell) and over 20 % under Article 201 of Criminal Code (Illegal handling of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances). In 2017, 930 persons were convicted for committing drug-related crimes, of them 842 were sentenced to imprisonment.[2] HIV prevalence in prisons 7%.[3] ART, OST and NSP services are available in Tajik prisons, albeit in 2018 the UN Committee Against Torture in its concluding observations wrote: “The Committee is concerned at reports of several instances of death in custody, including suicides and deaths that occurred due to a high incidence of tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS among prisoners, and due to the lack of prompt screening on admission and lack of adequate medical care offered to ill prisoners, and at the large number of cases in which the penitentiary authorities have not issued reports on the causes of deaths in custody”.[4] There is no data on the amount spent for the detention of one prisoner, but according to the UN CAT report prison conditions are very poor. “The Committee is concerned that conditions of detention — such as overcrowding, and inadequate material conditions of detention, including adequate food and drinking water, heating, ventilation, and sanitary and hygiene facilities, as well as treatment for transmissible diseases, and meaningful activities and outdoor exercise — do not meet international standards. Of particular concern for the Committee are the conditions in the women’s prison, where reports of staff shortages and of insufficient food and heat have been registered by the Monitoring Group”.[5]

The estimate number of people who inject drugs is around 23100[6]. HIV prevalence among PWID is 12,9%[7]. The cost[8] of NSP services is approximately 36 eur/per person/per year, OST – 278 EUR/per client/per year. Unemployment benefit in Tajikistan is approximately 45 EUR/per month (540 eur/per client/per year).[9]  So, if the person would need OST, NSP and unemployment benefit, it would cost for the state around 854 eur/per person/per year.

[1]https://www.legislationline.org/download/action/download/id/1707/file/207b8150765af2c85ad6f5bb8a44.htm/preview
[2] http://cadap-eu.org/upload/file/AR_TJ_2018_15_online_final.pdf
[3] http://www.afew.org/eecaaids2018/prison-tajikistan-eng/
[4]Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
[5] Ibid.
[6] UNODC Annual report of the high priority countries 2017
[7] Ibid.
[8] The costs of OST and NSP services were provided by UNDP Tajikistan
[9] http://medt.tj/documents/main/normativno-pravovie-akti/zakonodatelnie-akti/ru/02525-ru.pdf