In Russia consumption of drugs and possession of small amounts is an administrative offence punished by a fine of approximately 55 -70 € or administrative detention up to 15 days. Possession of considerable, large and extremely large amounts is a criminal offence, punishable with a fine up to 7,000 € or imprisonment from up to 3 to 10-15 years depending on the amount involved (Article 228). Based on the court statistics people are usually charged under Article 228.2 and 228.3 with average sentence 3-5 years. According to the Council of Europe Annual Penal Statistics SPACE I there are 602176 inmates in Russian prisons, 129419 of them for drug-law offences. HIV prevalence in prison is 6,5%. As for the drug use responses in prison there ART, but OST and NSP services do not exist. The average amount spent per day for the detention of one inmate in Russian prisons is 2,5 Eur/per day, 912,5 Eur/per inmate/per year.
The estimate number of people who inject drugs is around 1815000. HIV prevalence among PWID is 25,6%. There is no OST in Russia and it is prohibited by law. NSP services exist in a few cities. In some places it is supported by the state. Minimum possible unemployment benefit is approximately 20,6 Eur/per month (247,2 Eur/per client/per year), maximum – 110 Eur/per month. So, the provision of health and social services would cost the state around 247 Eur/per person/per year,