Moldova

According to the Council of Europe Annual Penal Statistics for 2018[1], Moldova is on the 5th place with the highest prison populations among Europe countries.  There are 215,2 inmates per 100,000 inhabitants. In January 2018, there was approximately 7 635 inmates in Moldova prisons[2]. Approximately 9% of the prisoner’s population serve their sentence for the drug law offences (695 prisoners in January 2018)[3]. The average imprisonment term imposed by the courts for the drug law offences is up to 1 year[4]. HIV prevalence in Moldova prisons is around 3,8%[5]. Speaking about drug use responses in prison, it should be mentioned, that OST, ART is available and even NSP are available in the prisons[6]. 63 out of 385 people who use drugs in prisons, receive OST, which is 16,4% of the inmates, who are in need of OST. NSP is available only in one of the ten places evaluated by EMCDDA[7]. According the SPACE I 2018 survey, the average amount spent per day for the detention of one inmate in Moldova prisons is 9,40 Eur/per day, which is 3 431,00 Eur./ per year/ per inmate.

According the UNODC Annual Report of the High Priority Countries 2017, there are 30 016 people who inject drugs[8]. HIV prevalence among PWID is 13,9%[9]. The costs of NSP services were ~25,00 Eur/ per person/ per year and OST (integrated)– approximately 750,00 Eur./ per person/ per year.[10] The minimum unemployment benefit sum is 35,00 Eur./ per person/ per month (which is 420,00 Eur/ per person/ per year)[11].

So if the person would need OST, NSP and unemployment benefit, it would cost for the state around 1 195,00 Eur./ per person/ per year.

The health and social services costs are more than 2,5 times less than incarceration costs.

 

[1] Prisons and Prisoners in Europe 2018: Key Findings of the SPACE I report Marcelo F. Aebi and Mélanie M. Tiago http://wp.unil.ch/space/files/2019/04/Key-Findings_190401.pdf
[2] Council of Europe Annual Penal Statistics – SPACE 2018 http://wp.unil.ch/space/files/2019/04/FinalReportSPACEI2018_190402.pdf
[3] Council of Europe Annual Penal Statistics – SPACE 2018 http://wp.unil.ch/space/files/2019/04/FinalReportSPACEI2018_190402.pdf
[4] https://harmreductioneurasia.org/drug-laws/#Possession
[5] UNODC Annual report of the high priority countries 2017
[6] http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/system/files/attachments/5502/Drug-treatment_systems_in_prisons_in_Eastern_and_South-East_Europe.pdf
[7] http://www.emcdda.europa.eu/system/files/attachments/5502/Drug-treatment_systems_in_prisons_in_Eastern_and_South-East_Europe.pdf
[8] UNODC Annual report of the high priority countries 2017 
[9] UNODC Annual report of the high priority countries 2017 
[10] The information is estimated and provided by the national partners in Moldova.
[11] http://cnas.md/tabview.php?l=ru&idc=656&t=/drugie-cotialinie-viplati/pomosi/pocobie-po-bezrabotite