Kyrgyzstan

According to the National Statistics Committee in 2017[1],  there was approximately 7 475 inmates in Kyrgyzstan prisons. There is no data on the total number of individuals for drug law offences in prison in 2017, but 526 new inmates were imprisoned in 2017. What is more, in 2017, 1323 individuals were convicted for crimes related to illicit drug trafficking, of whom: imprisonment – 526, suspended sentence of imprisonment – 377, fine/penalty – 362, other types of punishment – 58[2]. The average imprisonment term imposed by the courts for the drug law offences is up to 6 years[3]. HIV prevalence in Kyrgyzstan prisons is around 11,3%[4]. Speaking about drug use responses in prison, it should be mentioned, that there are 9 OST sites in prison settings[5]. As well, there has been access to ART in the correctional settings since 2005. Currently, 305 out of 357 officially registered PLWH serving their sentences receive the treatment[6]. As of January 1, 2017 there were 14 NSP exchange points in the penal system[7]. The average amount spent per day for the detention of one inmate in Kyrgyzstan prisons is 2,99 Eur/per day, which is 1091,35 Eur./ per year/ per inmate[8].

Estimated number of people who inject drugs in Kyrgyzstan, in 2016 is approximately 25 000[9]. HIV prevalence among PWID is 14,3%[10]. The costs of NSP services – 30,83 Eur/ per person/ per year and OST – approximately 416,00 Eur./ per person/ per year (with case management).[11] The minimum unemployment benefit is 3,17 Eur./ per person/ per month, which is 19,02 Eur./ per person/ per 6 months (as it’s only available for up to 6 months).

So if the person would need OST and NSP, it would cost for the state around  465,85 Eur./ per person/ per year.

The health and social services costs are more than 2 times less than incarceration costs.

 

[1] http://cadap-eu.org/upload/file/CSS_Kyrgyzstan_2018_03_online_final.pdf
[2] Control over the traffic in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors in the Kyrgyz Republic, p 137.
[3] Control over the traffic in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors in the Kyrgyz Republic, p. 139
[4] http://www.unaids.org/en/regionscountries/countries/kyrgyzstan
[5] http://cadap-eu.org/upload/file/CSS_Kyrgyzstan_2018_03_online_final.pdf
[6] http://www.afew.org/eecaaids2018/kyrgyz-prisons-eng/
[7] http://cadap-eu.org/upload/file/CSS_Kyrgyzstan_2018_03_online_final.pdf
[8] The information is provided by the national partners in Kyrgyzstan
[9] http://cadap-eu.org/upload/file/CSS_Kyrgyzstan_2018_03_online_final.pdf
[10] http://cadap-eu.org/upload/file/CSS_Kyrgyzstan_2018_03_online_final.pdf
[11] The information is estimated and provided by the national partners in Kyrgyzstan